المساعد الشخصي الرقمي

مشاهدة النسخة كاملة : Principles and Practices Of Management



محاسب متخصص
08-10-2014, 08:28 AM
PART - A


Q1. “Management is a combination of Arts, Science & Profession” Explain fully.


Ans. Before writing a write up on “Management is a combination of Arts, Science & Profession” I would like to write something about the management.


Management
Management is to create a team which accomplishes pre-determined goals with more efficiently in a prescribed time period as planned/decided.


Management actually is planning, organizing, directing, controlling & coordinating supported by leadership, communication, motivation and morale.


Now I would like to start Management as Art and afterwards I will write about management as science and profession in detail.


Management as an Art


1. It requires conceptual, technical, human relationship & decision-making skills.


a) Conceptual Skills: Ability to see the “big picture” to recognize significant elements & to understand relationship among the elements.
b) Technical Skills: Is knowledge of & proficiency in activities involving methods, procedures & pressures e.g., Mechanic works with tools & Superior show knows how to use these tools to teach them.
c) Human Relations: is ability to work with people; it is a cooperative effort; teamwork; create an environment where people feel secure & free to express their opinions.
d) Decision: Ability to solve problems in ways that will benefit the enterprise.


2. It requires knowledge: Learning & acquiring knowledge from various subjects such as Marketing, Finance, Production, etc.


3. Art is creative: As a discipline in function of creativity. We notice this creativity in facing challenges of competition. Introduction of new product, advertising campaigns etc.


4. Art is Personalized: Every person has different ways & means of performing Art. Similarly every individual has different type of management, we categorize them as Democratic, Autocratic, Patternistic, Beaurocratic etc.


5. Art is Performance: Performance indicators such as profit, growth & development, market share can only understood management as a concept.




“Managing as practice is an Art; the organized knowledge underlying the practice may be referred to as Science”